However, as time goes by and information and technology have developed rapidly, people realize that besides those things, what they really need is education. Likewise, to cope with this IT era, it is imperative that they get not only primary and secondary education but also higher education. As a result, universities are being an important part of people’s lives. In
and also because the writer’s background knowledge concerns mostly with that level. The objective of this paper is to describe the similarities and differences of the Indonesian and the U.S. undergraduate education, so that the readers can broaden their cross cultural understanding and can make use of it at least for themselves and hopefully, for the others.
d. SOURCES OF INCOME
g. CURRICULA, COURSES, AND CREDITS
The university curricula in
h. MAJOR, MINOR, AND GENERAL EDUCATION
The term major in
On the other hand, in the
Unlike Indonesian, the American students have the term minor to call the subjects they study at less concentrated level in order to round out an education. But in
Most school/collegesin America use the following grading system:
A = Excelent
B = Above average
C = Average
D = passing but bellow average
F = Failure - no credit
Not really different,
A = Excellent
B = Good
C = Fair
D = Inadequate
E = Fail
The scale is from 0 to 4, where students have to repeat taking the subjects in which they get D or E. The repetition, however, has no influence on the students’ transcript except that the student needs longer time to finish his study. The Grade Point Average (GPA) is calculated based on a student's overall academic performance during a program. To calculate the overall GPA, the grade obtained in each course (between 0 and 4) is multiplied by the number of credit hours allocated to the course; these numbers are added together and then divided by the total number of credit hours required for the degree.
In Indonesia, under the credit system, a minimum of between 144 and 160 credits point must be gained over a minimum of four years of full-time study for the completion of the first degree, the Sarjana (S1). In the medical profession, such as medecine, dentistry and veterinary medecine, where a minimum of four-and-a-half years of full-timestudy is required, the number of credit points needed is between 150 and 160, with a further36 to 40 allocated for completion of the intership orother practical training. In America, the general requirement to be awarded a bechelor degree would be 120 semester credit. The minimum GPA would be 2.0.
The students' transcript in America include everything by which Americans measure students' academic performance and ability: all courses and grades, award and honors, and cooperative work experiences.In Indonesia,it generally states only the courses and grades, and the cumulative GPA.
Thera are two types of Sarjana (S1) in Indonesia, either those who write a thesis (skripsi) or those who do not. The student form the second kind are ussually required to sit for a comprehensive examination. On the contrary, the American undergraduate students are not required to write thesis, take comprehensive exams, or to answer hard questions from a committee. The graduates in America and Indonesia hold a bachelor degree with different titles as it's been mentioned in point (a).